Slavery was a universal and totally accepted feature of ancient Greek society, so much so that while the conditions under which slaves lived and worked varied considerably, many ordinary citizens kept at least one slave, often working alongside their owners, while larger commercial enterprises involved huge numbers, many of whom could rise to positions of authority and wealth. It was possible for some slaves to buy their freedom, while others lived and died in conditions of appalling brutality, notably in the silver mines at Laurium. The revenues from these mines paid for the fleet with which Athens defeated Xerxes and were the basis of the Attic owls, the four drachma coins that revolutionized the Athenian economy. The mines were often leased to contractors and worked by slaves and condemned criminals. The galleries averaged approximately three and a half feet in height, so most miners had to work on their hands and knees. Another specific group of slaves that suffered particularly brutal treatment was the pornai, slaves used in the brothels as prostitutes. While those sound like the conditions of slavery people are accustomed to hearing about in more modern times, other forms of slavery in Greece were quite unique, and perhaps fittingly, Sparta might have had the most unusual system of all. Sparta will forever be known for its military prowess, but the importance the Spartans placed upon being a warrior society meant their way of life was entirely dependent on a class of indentured servants known as the helots. The Spartans needed the helots to maintain the domestic front, but they also frequently brought helots to the battlefield with them, and they repeatedly had to turn their own hoplites on unruly helots to suppress potential rebellions. As this makes clear, however unpalatable it may be to modern historians who expound on the virtues of the Greek legacy to western civilization, it is indisputably the case that slavery constituted a central pa 1. Language: English. Narrator: Ken Teutsch. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/075632/bk_acx0_075632_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Welcome to the front lines. Everywhere we turn, battle lines are being drawn - traditional marriage vs. gay marriage, pro-life vs. pro-choice, personal freedom vs. governmental protection. Seemingly overnight, culture has shifted to the point where right and wrong are no longer measured by universal truth but by popular opinion. And as difficult conversations about homosexuality, abortion, and religious liberty continue to inject themselves into our workplaces, our churches, our schools, and our homes, Christians everywhere are asking the same question: How are we supposed to respond to all this? In Counter Culture, New York Times best-selling author David Platt shows Christians how to actively take a stand on such issues as poverty, sex trafficking, marriage, abortion, racism, and religious liberty - and challenges us to become passionate, unwavering voices for Christ. Drawing on compelling personal accounts from around the world, Platt presents an unapologetic yet winsome call for Christians to faithfully follow Christ into the cultural battlefield in ways that will prove both costly and rewarding. The lines have been drawn. The moment has come for Christians to rise up and deliver a gospel message that´s more radical than even the most controversial issues of our day. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Todd Busteed. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/tynd/000118/bk_tynd_000118_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The story of the Confederate States of America, the proslavery, antidemocratic nation created by white Southern slaveholders to protect their property, has been told many times in heroic and martial narratives. Now, however, Stephanie McCurry tells a very different tale of the Confederate experience. When the grandiosity of Southerners´ national ambitions met the harsh realities of wartime crises, unintended consequences ensued. Although Southern statesmen and generals had built the most powerful slave regime in the Western world, they had excluded the majority of their own people - white women and slaves - and thereby sowed the seeds of their demise. Wartime scarcity of food, labor, and soldiers tested the Confederate vision at every point and created domestic crises to match those found on the battlefields. Women and slaves became critical political actors as they contested government enlistment and tax and welfare policies, and struggled for their freedom. The attempt to repress a majority of its own population backfired on the Confederate States of America as the disenfranchised demanded to be counted and considered in the great struggle over slavery, emancipation, democracy, and nationhood. That Confederate struggle played out in a highly charged international arena. The political project of the Confederacy was tried by its own people and failed. The government was forced to become accountable to women and slaves, provoking an astounding transformation of the slaveholders´ state. Confederate Reckoning is the startling story of this epic political battle in which women and slaves helped to decide the fate of the Confederacy and the outcome of the Civil War. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Teri Schnaubelt. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/tant/014169/bk_tant_014169_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Washington was born and raised among blacks and mixed-race people; he and his wife had blood ties to the slave community. Yet as a young man he bought and sold slaves without scruple, even raffled off children to collect debts (an incident ignored by earlier biographers). Then, on the Revolutionary battlefields where he commanded both black and white troops, Washington´s attitudes began to change. He and the other framers enshrined slavery in the Constitution, but, Henry Wiencek shows, even before he became president Washington had begun to see the system´s evil, and he understood that the problem of this ´´peculiar institution´´ would be central to the American experience. Wiencek´s revelatory narrative, based on a meticulous examination of private papers, court records, and the voluminous Washington archives, documents for the first time the moral transformation culminating in Washington´s determination to emancipate his slaves. He acted too late to keep the new republic from perpetuating slavery, but his repentance was genuine. And it was perhaps related to the possibility, as the oral history of Mount Vernon´s slave descendants has long asserted, that a slave named West Ford was the son of George and a woman named Venus. In this superb, nuanced portrait we see George Washington hi full both as a man of his time and a man ahead of his time. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Rick Adamson. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/aren/000337/bk_aren_000337_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
What do a well-bred Southern Belle and a Northern working class Pinkerton detective have in common? Espionage . . . and romance. At the start of the US Civil War, while young men begin dying on American battlefields and slavery is headed toward its end, behind the scenes, female undercover work and Pinkerton intelligence are alive and well. But in the end, can the love between this novella´s Romeo and Juliet couple survive, or will they be just another casualty of war? 1. Language: English. Narrator: Talmadge Ragan. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/129318/bk_acx0_129318_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Stories from - and about - a nation divided. At The Washington Post, the Civil War has held an enduring fascination for both readers and writers. Raging from 1861-1865, the Battle Between the States has left a lasting imprint on the United States´ collective psyche for 150 years. Civil War Stories: A 150th Anniversary Collection aggregates historical data with contemporary reflections, as journalists and historians put the bloody war into context: A timeline of Lincoln´s candidacy and what may have happened if he had lost the election An ode to West Virginia, which abandoned Virginia rather than secede from the Union The obstacles faced by emancipated slaves Women in the federal workforce and disguised as men on the battlefields The modern anti-slavery crusade of Frederick Douglass´ great-great-great-grandson Personal stories of tragedy and triumph still resonate today. From biographical histories to examinations of the war´s legacies, Civil War Stories: A 150th Anniversary Collection is a unique compilation of stories of when our nation was divided. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Kevin Pariseau. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/021486/bk_adbl_021486_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Was the Civil War the greatest war in American history, or was it the biggest mistake in American history? Was the blood of more than one million men spilled over countless battlefields necessary to get rid of slavery? Was the country we called free for everyone just an idea? Was a nation born and then destroyed because of an institution that was nothing more than peculiar? Does the flag of a dead country that still flies over courthouses in the South speak for a nation? Does that same flag represent the evils of slavery or the pride of a people who don´t know how to let go? Would our forefathers approve of and recognize the country we call America today? Did America´s greatest war finally make us one nation? Let an 11-year-old boy answer these questions the only way he knows how--by being honest about his country and himself. Unfurled No More Forever is about the death of an evil institution and the creation of a nation our forefathers truly intended. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Michael L. Eads. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/029090/bk_acx0_029090_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Inspired by the extraordinary events of Dr. May Chinn´s life, Angel of Harlem is a deeply affecting story of love and transcendence. Weaving seamlessly scenes from the battlefields of the Civil War, during which her father escaped from slavery, to the Harlem living rooms and kitchen tables where May is sometimes forced to operate on her patients, this fascinating novel lays bare the heart of a woman who changed the face of medicine. A gifted, beautiful young woman in the 1920s, May Edward Chinn dreams only of music. For years she accompanies the famed singer Paul Robeson. However, a racist professor ends her hopes of becoming a concert pianist. But from one dashed dream blooms another: May would become a doctor instead--the first black female physician in all of New York. Giddy with the wonder of the Harlem Renaissance and fueled by firebrand friends like Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston, May doggedly pursues her ambitions while striving to overcome the pains of her past: the death of a fiancé, a lost child, and a distant father ravished by the legacy of slavery. With every grief she encounters, a resilient piece of herself locks into place. At times risking her life-attending to men stabbed in their homes and women left to die in filthy alleys-May struggles to carve out a place for herself within a medical world that still teaches that a ´´Negro? brain is not anatomically wired for higher thinking. Yet against the odds, she achieves her goal, starts her own practice, and becomes one of the first cancer specialists in the city. Alive with the pulse of black unrest in 1920s New York, this beautifully textured novel moves with fearlessness and grace through a history that is by turns ugly and sublime. With Angel of Harlem, critically acclaimed author Kuwana Haulsey gives poetic voice to the story of a remarkable woman who had the courage to dream and live beyond her era´s limitations.
The Revolutionary War encompassed at least two struggles: one for freedom from British rule, and another, quieter but no less significant fight for the liberty of African Americans, thousands of whom fought in the Continental Army. Standing in Their Own Light restores these African American patriots to their rightful place in the historical struggle for independence and the end of racial oppression.Revolutionary era African Americans began their lives in a world that hardly questioned slavery; they finished their days in a world that increasingly contested the existence of the institution. Mining firsthand sources that include black veterans’ pension files, Judith L. Van Buskirk examines how the struggle for independence moved from the battlefield to the courthouse - and how personal conflicts contributed to the larger struggle against slavery and legal inequality. Black veterans claimed an American identity based on their willing sacrifice on behalf of American independence.Van Buskirk deftly places her findings in the changing context of the time. She notes the varied conditions of slavery before the war, the different degrees of racial integration across the Continental Army, and the war’s divergent effects on both northern and southern states. Her efforts retrieve black patriots’ experiences from historical obscurity and reveal their importance in the fight for equal rights - even though it would take another war to end slavery in the United States.The book is published by University of Oklahoma Press. The audiobook will be published by University Press Audiobooks. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Marlin May. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/136185/bk_acx0_136185_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.